Public Deliverables

Public Deliverables 
D2.1 Evaluating Safe space solutions including data management and processing setups 1st sectionDownload
D2.2 Research Data exchange (and transparency) solutions with platforms 2nd sectionDownload
D2.3 Outlier (disinformation) detection solution 3rd sectionDownload
D2.4 Evaluating Distributed scalable information cascade analysis 4th sectionDownload
D3.1 Social media Observatory GuideDownload
D3.2 Algorithms of Data Intelligence, Complex Network Analysis, Artificial Intelligence for the Observatory AI DrivenDownload
D3.3 Data Intelligence toolkit descriptionDownload
D3.4 Data Intelligence toolkit v1Download
D3.5 Data Intelligence toolkit v2Download
D4.1 EU Platform for Social Media InnovatorsDownload
D4.2 Report on the centers for excellence studies on online disinformationDownload
D4.3 Media Literacy Workshop Series & ReportsDownload
D4.4 Media Literacy Public ActivitiesComing soon
D5.1 SOMA impact assessment methodologyDownload
D5.2 Impact assessment resultsDownload
D5.3 The measure of online disinformationDownload
D6.1 Project websiteDownload
D6.4 Dissemination report V2Download
The SOMA PosterDownload
The SOMA BannerDownload
The SOMA FlyerDownload
SOMA event agendaDownload

Disinfonet User Manual Download
SOMA Policy WhitepaperDownload

SOMA in NumbersDownload


SOMA Newsletter - #6 issue - Apr 2020Read online
SOMA Newsletter - #5 issue - Jan 2020Read Online
SOMA Newsletter - #4 issue - Oct 2019Read Online
SOMA Newsletter - #3 issue - July 2019Read Online
SOMA Newsletter - #2 issue - May 2019Read Online
SOMA Newsletter - #1 issue - Jan 2019Read Online
Press Release #1 The SOMA Project kicks off in AthensDownload
SOMA Newsletter - #7 issue - Jul 2020Read online
SOMA Newsletter - #8 issue - Oct 2020Read online
SOMA Newsletter - #9 issue - Jan 2021Read online
SOMA InfographicDownload


How to start and perform a collaborative investigation on TrulyMediaView now
UNESCO-GAPMIL webinar on "Media and Information Literacy and Public Policies (Part II)View now
Webinar:Fact-checkers: how to get what you need from the European Commission communication services", 15th MayView now

Policy Documents

Policy Documents
The Council Library has compiled a reading list to help understand what disinformation is and to help build resilience by extending readers' knowledge of the subject
Complementary efforts to enhance resilience and counter hybrid threats -Council Conclusions (10 December 2019)
20 June 2019, European Council conclusions on the MFF, climate change, disinformation and hybrid threats, external relations, enlargement and the European Semester
20 June 2019, The European Council on 20 June 2019 adopted a new strategic agenda for the EU for the years 2019-2024
May 17,2019 Code of Practice against disinformation: Commission recognises platforms' efforts ahead of the European elections
News about Fake news
Towards European Media Sovereignty - An Industrial Media Strategy to leverage Data, Algorithms and Artificial Intelligence
Action Plan against Disinformation
Code of Practice on Disinformation
The digital transformation of news media and the rise of disinformation and fake news
Truth, the media and the public sphere
Factsheet: Action Plan against Disinformation
Russia's information war: Propaganda or counter-propaganda?
Foreign influence operations in the EU
The legal framework to address “fake news”: possible policy actions at the EU level
European Parliament resolution of 23 November 2016 on EU strategic communication to counteract propaganda against it by third parties (2016/2030(INI))
European Commission : CORDIS : Projects and Results : A step closer in tackling online rumours and fake news
Communication on Tackling Illegal Content Online - Towards an enhanced responsibility of online platforms
Online disinformation and the EU’s response
French Law on measures to combat the spread of fake news
Final report of the High Level Expert Group on Fake News and Online Disinformation
Summary report of the public consultation on fake news and online disinformation
First findings of the Eurobarometer on fake news and online disinformation
Council of Europe. (2017). Information disorder: toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policy making
Eurasian States in Transition research center. (2018). Disinformation resilience in central and Eastern Europe
European Commission. (2018). Action Plan against disinformation
European Parliament. (2017). Disinformation, fake news and the EU’s response
European Parliament. (2017). How to spot when news is fake
European Parliament. (2018). The legal framework to address “fake news”: possibly policy actions at the EU level
High Level Working Group. (2018). A multi-dimensional approach to disinformation
Huff, M. (2018). Joint Declaration on Freedom of Expression and “Fake News,” Disinformation, and Propaganda. Secrecy and Society, 1(2), 7.
OECD. (2017). Trust and public Policy
UNESCO. (2018). Journalism, Fake News and Disinformation
Online Harms White Paper
Building Trust in Human-Centric Artificial Intelligence
A guide to anti-misinformation actions around the world


A discussion on the business model of disinformation
Conspiracy Theory Handbook
What is disinformation
Lessons Learned with Social Media Monitoring
The White Paper of EKOME on Media and Information Literacy
The Anti-Rumours Strategy set out in the current handbook focuses on the way stereotypes and prejudices are created, on their links to racism and above all on how to reduce them in order to prevent discrimination.
Media self-regulation in South East Europe - Guide to best practices for the digital age
2019 Ranking Digital Rights Corporate Accountability Index
Legal Analysis of Amendments to Law on Audio and Audio-visual media services in North Macedonia
Navigating Misinformation: How to identify and verify what you see on the web
Instructor: Claire Wardle
The Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee has published its final report on Disinformation and ‘fake news’
Disinformation and ‘fake news’: Interim Report Contents
Understanding and Addressing the Disinformation Ecosystem
Measuring the reach of "fake news" and online disinformation in Europe
Data-driven Online Political Microtargeting: Hunting for Voters, Shooting Democracy?
Does the “backfire effect” exist—and does it matter for factcheckers?
Understanding the Promise and Limits of Automated Fact-Checking
Checking How Fact-checkers Check
Journalism and Social Media: Redistribution of Power?
Journalism, 'Fake News' and Disinformation: A Handbook for Journalism Education and Training
“News you don’t believe”: Audience perspectives on fake news
Crises, Rumours and Reposts: Journalists’ Social Media Content Gathering and Verification Practices in Breaking News Situations
Computational Propaganda Worldwide:
Fake news survey (Germany)
Concept of the enemy II – “lying press” and journalistic self-assertion
Survey Examines Faux News in the Digital Age - Missouri School of Journalism
Bots and the Swedish election
LES MANIPULATIONS DE L’INFORMATION - Un défi pour nos démocraties
Conspiracist propaganda: How Russia promotes anti-establishment sentiment online?
Digital Hydra: Security Implications of False Information Online
Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election
Isolation and Propaganda: The Roots and Instruments of Russia’s Disinformation Campaign
Impact of Russian TV propaganda in the EaP countries Azerbaijan Armenia Belarus Georgia Moldova Ukraine
Malicious Use of Social Media: Case Studies From BBC Monitoring
Disinformation, ‘Fake News’ and Influence Campaigns on Twitter
Weaponising news: RT, Sputnik and targeted disinformation
The spread of true and false news online
Media Manipulation and Disinformation Online
Confiance et liberté - Vers la création d'une instance d'autorégulation et de médiation de l'information
The Tallinn Guidelines on National Minorities and the Media in the Digital Age
Polarisation and the use of technology in political campaigns and communication
Tackling misinformation in an open society - How to respond to misinformation and disinformation when the cure risks being worse than the disease
Americans' views of misinformation in the news and how to counteract it
A guide to anti-misinformation actions around the world (updated)
How to Counter Fake News? A Taxonomy of Anti-Fake News Approaches by Alberto Alemanno :: SSRN
Contending with “Fake News”
INFORMATION DISORDER : Toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policy making
Defamation and Insult Laws in the OSCE Region: A Comparative Study | OSCE
How to Stop Disinformation - Lessons from Ukraine for the Wider World
Le conspirationnisme dans l’opinion publique française
The Misinformation Society
News and Media Literacy Toolkit
Analysis Disinformation and other tools of antidemocratic influence: an Armenian outlook in the EU and Eastern Partnership context
Covid-19 and misinformation in the field of migration
Migration Policy Practice’, the bimonthly journal published jointly by IOM and Eurasylum
III Monitoring Report on Detecting Propaganda and Fake news in Armenia
How to check if a Website is Safe and Legitimate - The Ultimate Guide
University of Oxford, launched ‘The ComProp Navigator’, a new online resource guide which aims to help civil society groups better understand and respond to the problem of disinformation
How does Russia fight fake news? European Audiovisual Observatory publishes new legal analysis of Russian media law
How damaging is disinformation in a democracy? How to recognise it? What can be done to tackle it?
No right to livestream murder': Taoiseach joins world leaders in Paris for push against extremist content
Facebook restricts livestreams
Portuguese with increasingly advanced use of the Internet
Political parties called to order in terms of data protection.
Facebook hit by landmark censorship lawsuit in Poland
The law guaranteeing the digital communication of citizens with the state has the support of the Government
France among the countries where most cyberattacks originate
European elections at risk of cyberattacks, NATO alerts and EU emergency response teams
Disinformation and hate speech: YouTube's problem is that it does not eliminate harmful content
Facebook 'labels' posts by hand, posing privacy questions
Heil: Limiting the power of digital corporations
European elections: Facebook wants to fight fake news with a crisis cell
Facebook boss Mark Zuckerberg meets Macron on Friday at the Elysée
Twitter justifies blocking on the basis of false information about elections
Facebook opens 40-person EU election monitoring effort in Dublin
In the fight against fake news, YouTube tends to "keep content up to date"
Starting today, victims of cyberattacks may announce cyber security incidents to 1911 / Project value - one million
Social media bosses including Mark Zuckerberg could be personally hit with huge fines for harmful content hosted on their sites, leaked UK legal plans reveal
Zuckerberg triggers irritation in Brussels
Another data leak on Facebook: Companies store data and passwords freely accessible
Once again massive data breach on Facebook
Unprotected data from Facebook users
Facebook removes exposed user records stored on Amazon's servers
Force tech giants to share data rather than break them up: academics
Changes to EU antitrust enforcement on Big Tech urged
Internet giants should share data - but not crush it
Fear of election manipulation, the EU is depicted as absurd in Russian propaganda
Zuckerberg adds Irish politicians to his WhatsApp group chat
Twitter tweaks policy to unblock French voting awareness campaign
Finally, Twitter authorises a campaign by the French Government on the Europeans
European elections: Twitter finally authorises French Government campaign
‘Regulation will not solve Facebook’s problems,’ Commission says
MPs form data privacy taskforce to keep pressure on big tech
Facebook Brexit ads secretly run by staff of Lynton Crosby firm
Google pulls grant to Hungarian publisher over fake news allegations
Mark Zuckerberg: Facebook cannot guarantee the lack of interference in the EU elections in May
YouTube Executives Ignored Warnings, Letting Toxic Videos Run Rampant
YouTube tightens restrictions on channel of UK far right activist
UK watchdog to Zuckerberg: Think again about appealing privacy fine
UK calls on Facebook to drop appeal of data protection fine
Europe’s populists are flooding social media, research shows
Facebook will work with governments to bring in new policies to regulate social media, Mark Zuckerberg tells Irish ministers during visit to his European HQ in the country
Fake news law: Twitter blocks government campaign
European Parliament elections under Russia's sign and disinformation
Twitter blocks government campaign in the name of the law against false news
UK to Zuckerberg: Show us you're sincere about regulation
Google AI Ethics Council Is Falling Apart After a Week
PP boosts its social networking activity with "personalized" messages to reach more people
Facebook vows to prevent meddling in European elections
The Parliament discusses the limit between freedom of expression and misinformation
Facebook begins new EU political ads rules
Facebook rules on political advertising criticised by EU parties
Facebook says political ads fix brings ‘unprecedented levels of accountability’
Facebook tightens paid ads rules ahead of EU elections
John McGee: 'It's time to redefine media literacy skills and include digital'
Luxembourg's media literacy initiative
Facebook Announces New Ban on White Nationalist Discussion on its Platforms
Facebook challenges Belgian tracking ban
Facebook charged with housing discrimination in targeted ads
Facebook charged with housing discrimination in targeted ads
Facebook tightens up rules for political advertisers
UK government targets Facebook users across EU with Brexit ads
Former Facebook exec: ‘Zuckerberg is sitting on more data about what people want to do online than anyone else in the world’
A Way to Detect the Next Russian Misinformation Campaign
News literacy initiatives promote critical thinking and understanding
Code of practice against disinformation: Commission takes note of the progress made by online platforms and urges them to step up their efforts
A proposed law could require you to provide your identity in order to register online
Facebook takes down thousands of pages, groups, and accounts in fake news war
Europe intensifies its fight against false news
Defence considers "foreign power" attacked its computer network
Russians attack EP election - Hungary is no exception
The cyberthreat has become a part of everyday life
The Internet’s Endless Appetite for Death Video
Artificial intelligence: companies agree on ethical values
How to Teach Students Historical Inquiry Through Media Literacy And Critical Thinking
4 ways social media platforms can stop hateful content after terror attacks
Massive criticism of Facebook for new data breach
German minister on Facebook password glitch: Didn't expect such frightening unprofessionalism
How Twitter's algorithm is amplifying extreme political rhetoric
EU declares "war" on disinformation for upcoming elections
Truth and authentication
Facebook acknowledges concerns over Cambridge Analytica emerged earlier than reported
Facebook Says Users' Passwords Were Visible to Employees
Commissioner Vera Jourová: "I deleted myself from Facebook"
Facebook stored hundreds of millions of passwords unprotected
Facebook admits to storing unencrypted user passwords on internal servers
Facebook: Hundreds of millions of passwords were visible to employees
Facebook stored millions of passwords unencrypted on internal servers
Facebook: We stored hundreds of millions of your passwords in plain text
Facebook saved millions of passwords in plain text
Facebook reviews live stream policy after Christchurch attack
Facebook promises AI to detect terrorist videos
When Ireland did Facebook’s work on e-privacy
Instagram Is the Internet’s New Home for Hate
Online ad money pool gets shallower for those outside the duopoly
US Advertisers Still Eager to Target at Scale with Duopoly
EU Renews Calls to Facebook, Twitter to Fight Fake News
Brussels calls on platforms to act against false accounts
The European Media Literacy Week & What The EU Is Doing To Secure Fair Democratic Processes
Google, Facebook and Twitter launch new tools thinking about elections
The European Media Literacy Week & What The EU Is Doing To Secure Fair Democratic Processes
Public urged to be smarter in recognising fake news
Media literacy classes at school are offered by Mariya Gabriel
Apple backs news literacy programs in US and Italy
Google, Facebook and Twitter launch new tools to think about the elections
EU leaders to warn of cyber, fake news threat to May elections
Instagram just took advantage of Amazon’s biggest weakness
2019 European elections, because the Brussels war on fake news seems to be lost from the start
Europeans: EU stripes social media 'do more against fake news'
EU elections. Between social networks and Russian threats, Europe is preparing for the battle against fake news
Mariya Gabriel: We report unmistakable progress on anti-disinformation platforms, but there is still much work to do
Brussels asks social networks to clarify their control of political advertising and bots before European elections
Recognising reliable media: Fake news is a toxic threat to our world
Does the “backfire effect” exist—and does it matter for factcheckers?
Irish public warned to exercise caution over ‘fake news’
EU Court of Auditors warns of cyber risks before European elections
Commission urges platforms to take action on fake accounts before EU elections
A summit against manipulation, ahead of the European elections
European election 2019: Facebook strengthens action against false news before European election
Facebook plans more fact-checking ahead of European Parliament election
Facebook wants to fight false news with dpa
Despite criticism: Putin signs new Internet laws
Facebook plans more fact-checking ahead of European Parliament election
Academic at centre of Cambridge Analytica scandal sues Facebook
The internet is radicalizing white men. Big tech could be doing more
Tech giants will have to be regulated in future - EU's Timmermans
Mariya Gabriel launches a media literacy conference tomorrow in Brussels
A debate with young Bulgarians on the future development of Europe took place in Sofia
75 percent of young people cannot discern fake news
Today’s technology lets terrorists ‘become their own mass media,’ analyst says
75 percent of young people in Europe do not discern fake news
Top EU official: Breaking up tech firms should be 'last resort'
Frans Timmermans: Tech giants will have to be regulated in the future
EU top: Cut Facebook "an alternative"
Students and false news
Mariya Gabriel: Media literacy needs to be taught in schools
Facebook faces fresh questions over when it knew of data harvesting
EU prepares itself to fight back against hostile propaganda
Canadian report details extent of Russian disinformation
Dealing With Disinformation: Facebook And YouTube Need To Take Down Provably False News
WhatsApp continues fight against fake news with new ‘search image’ feature
Social media as battleground
Yellow Jackets ‘fake news’ shared millions of times on Facebook
Youtube Now Includes a Fact Checking Tool In Its Search Results
Yellow vests: false information seen more than 100 million times on Facebook
Yellow Vests: the NGO Avaaz denounces the massive distribution of fake news on Facebook
Yellow vests: fake news massively shared on Facebook
Russia: The law amending the insults to the state was passed by MPs and sent to Putin for signing
Russian Parliament approves bill banning the dissemination of false news and insulting the state
Yes by the Russian Parliament to fines for fake news and publications offensive to the state
Russians fear tightened censorship
The European Union takes measures to counteract foreign propaganda
Russia, China, Iran and North Korea are the main sources of false news arriving in Europe
French ‘gilets jaunes’ protests have stoked ‘fake news’ surge, says study
Yellow vests have seen 105 million times fake news
This story was not written by a robot – but one day it could be
Why Facebook’s privacy push will weaken fight against fake news, Publication
Tim Berners Lee: 30 years on, what’s next #ForTheWeb?
WhatsApp fact-checking, deepfake detection, and five other AI/news projects get funding
Harvard-MIT initiative grants $750K to projects looking to keep tech accountable
How The Kremlin Silences Critics: The Swedish Case
Facebook backtracks after removing Warren ads calling for Facebook breakup
Youtube will show fact checking for sensitive topics like vaccination
Cyber Warfare: Competing National Perspectives
“A deadly cocktail against democracy” – fighting election fake news
Spain launches unit to fight disinformation ahead of elections
A lesson in Russian disinformation from the pages of a 1982 TV Guide
Semantic Visions wins 'The Tech Challenge' award
Tim Berners-Lee: 'Stop web's downward plunge to dysfunctional future', Publication
Facebook sues Ukrainian browser extension makers for scraping user data
Facebook removes hundreds of accounts in UK, Romania
Facebook removes fake accounts that tried to stir hate and political division in the UK and Romania
Facebook tackles anti-vax conspiracy theories fueling measles outbreak
Facebook bans anti-vaccine adverts in new crackdown against 'medical misinformation'
Facebook vows to stem anti-vaccine conspiracy theories
Facebook Decides Anti-Vax Conspiracies Aren't Part of the Business Model Anymore
Facebook removes disinformation accounts from the UK and Romania
“Zuckerberg’s so-called shift toward privacy”
Facebook takes down UK fake accounts
Facebook cracks down on anti-vaxxers: Firm says pages spreading misinformation about vaccines will no longer show up in recommendations (but it WON'T remove them entirely)
Facebook to target vaccine misinformation with focus on pages, groups, ads
Facebook to ban anti-vaxx ads in new push against 'vaccine hoaxes'
Facebook aims to crack down on vaccine misinformation
Facebook rejects Australian regulator's push for scrutiny of news feeds
Revealed: Facebook’s global lobbying against data privacy laws
Regulating speech in the new public square