Public Deliverables

Public Deliverables
D2.1 Evaluating Safe space solutions including data management and processing setups 1st sectionDownload
D2.2 Research Data exchange (and transparency) solutions with platforms 2nd section
D2.3 Outlier (disinformation) detection solution 3rd sectionDownload
D2.4 Evaluating Distributed scalable information cascade analysis 4th sectionDownload
D3.1 Social media Observatory Guide
D3.2 Algorithms of Data Intelligence, Complex Network Analysis, Artificial Intelligence for the Observatory AI DrivenDownload
D3.3 Data Intelligence toolkit descriptionDownload
D3.4 Data Intelligence toolkit v1Download
D3.5 Data Intelligence toolkit v2Download
D4.1 EU Platform for Social Media Innovators
D4.2 Report on the centers for excellence studies on online disinformationDownload
D4.3 Media Literacy Workshop Series & ReportsDownload
D4.4 Media Literacy Public ActivitiesComing soon
D5.1 SOMA impact assessment methodologyDownload
D5.2 Impact assessment resultsDownload
D5.3 The measure of online disinformationDownload
D6.1 Project website
D6.4 Dissemination report V2Download
The SOMA Poster
The SOMA Banner
The SOMA Flyer
SOMA event agendaDownload

Disinfonet User Manual Download
SOMA Policy WhitepaperDownload

SOMA in NumbersDownload


SOMA Newsletter - #6 issue - Apr 2020Read online
SOMA Newsletter - #5 issue - Jan 2020Read Online
SOMA Newsletter - #4 issue - Oct 2019Read Online
SOMA Newsletter - #3 issue - July 2019Read Online
SOMA Newsletter - #2 issue - May 2019Read Online
SOMA Newsletter - #1 issue - Jan 2019Read Online
Press Release #1 The SOMA Project kicks off in Athens
SOMA Newsletter - #7 issue - Jul 2020Read online
SOMA Newsletter - #8 issue - Oct 2020Read online
SOMA Newsletter - #9 issue - Jan 2021Read online
SOMA InfographicDownload
SOMA Newsletter - #10 issue - Jan 2021Read online


How to start and perform a collaborative investigation on TrulyMediaView now
UNESCO-GAPMIL webinar on "Media and Information Literacy and Public Policies (Part II)View now
Webinar:Fact-checkers: how to get what you need from the European Commission communication services", 15th MayView now

Policy Documents

Policy Documents
The Council Library has compiled a reading list to help understand what disinformation is and to help build resilience by extending readers' knowledge of the subject
Complementary efforts to enhance resilience and counter hybrid threats -Council Conclusions (10 December 2019)
20 June 2019, European Council conclusions on the MFF, climate change, disinformation and hybrid threats, external relations, enlargement and the European Semester
20 June 2019, The European Council on 20 June 2019 adopted a new strategic agenda for the EU for the years 2019-2024
May 17,2019 Code of Practice against disinformation: Commission recognises platforms' efforts ahead of the European elections
News about Fake news
Towards European Media Sovereignty - An Industrial Media Strategy to leverage Data, Algorithms and Artificial Intelligence
Action Plan against Disinformation
Code of Practice on Disinformation
The digital transformation of news media and the rise of disinformation and fake news
Truth, the media and the public sphere
Factsheet: Action Plan against Disinformation
Russia's information war: Propaganda or counter-propaganda?
Foreign influence operations in the EU
The legal framework to address “fake news”: possible policy actions at the EU level
European Parliament resolution of 23 November 2016 on EU strategic communication to counteract propaganda against it by third parties (2016/2030(INI))
European Commission : CORDIS : Projects and Results : A step closer in tackling online rumours and fake news
Communication on Tackling Illegal Content Online - Towards an enhanced responsibility of online platforms
Online disinformation and the EU’s response
French Law on measures to combat the spread of fake news
Final report of the High Level Expert Group on Fake News and Online Disinformation
Summary report of the public consultation on fake news and online disinformation
First findings of the Eurobarometer on fake news and online disinformation
Council of Europe. (2017). Information disorder: toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policy making
Eurasian States in Transition research center. (2018). Disinformation resilience in central and Eastern Europe
European Commission. (2018). Action Plan against disinformation
European Parliament. (2017). Disinformation, fake news and the EU’s response
European Parliament. (2017). How to spot when news is fake
European Parliament. (2018). The legal framework to address “fake news”: possibly policy actions at the EU level
High Level Working Group. (2018). A multi-dimensional approach to disinformation
Huff, M. (2018). Joint Declaration on Freedom of Expression and “Fake News,” Disinformation, and Propaganda. Secrecy and Society, 1(2), 7.
OECD. (2017). Trust and public Policy
UNESCO. (2018). Journalism, Fake News and Disinformation
Online Harms White Paper
Building Trust in Human-Centric Artificial Intelligence
A guide to anti-misinformation actions around the world


A discussion on the business model of disinformation
Malicious Use of Social Media: Case Studies From BBC Monitoring
Digital Hydra: Security Implications of False Information Online
A guide to anti-misinformation actions around the world (updated)
Legal Analysis of Amendments to Law on Audio and Audio-visual media services in North Macedonia
The Tallinn Guidelines on National Minorities and the Media in the Digital Age
Disinformation, ‘Fake News’ and Influence Campaigns on Twitter
Weaponising news: RT, Sputnik and targeted disinformation
Bots and the Swedish election
The White Paper of EKOME on Media and Information Literacy
What is disinformation
Conspiracy Theory Handbook
Journalism and Social Media: Redistribution of Power?
News and Media Literacy Toolkit
The Misinformation Society
Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election
Media self-regulation in South East Europe - Guide to best practices for the digital age
Tackling misinformation in an open society - How to respond to misinformation and disinformation when the cure risks being worse than the disease
Polarisation and the use of technology in political campaigns and communication
LES MANIPULATIONS DE L’INFORMATION - Un défi pour nos démocraties
Measuring the reach of "fake news" and online disinformation in Europe
“News you don’t believe”: Audience perspectives on fake news
2019 Ranking Digital Rights Corporate Accountability Index
The Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee has published its final report on Disinformation and ‘fake news’
Disinformation and ‘fake news’: Interim Report Contents
How to Counter Fake News? A Taxonomy of Anti-Fake News Approaches by Alberto Alemanno :: SSRN
How to Stop Disinformation - Lessons from Ukraine for the Wider World
Conspiracist propaganda: How Russia promotes anti-establishment sentiment online?
Americans' views of misinformation in the news and how to counteract it
Navigating Misinformation: How to identify and verify what you see on the web
Instructor: Claire Wardle
Survey Examines Faux News in the Digital Age - Missouri School of Journalism
Le conspirationnisme dans l’opinion publique française
Contending with “Fake News”
Does the “backfire effect” exist—and does it matter for factcheckers?
Understanding and Addressing the Disinformation Ecosystem
INFORMATION DISORDER : Toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policy making
Journalism, 'Fake News' and Disinformation: A Handbook for Journalism Education and Training
The Anti-Rumours Strategy set out in the current handbook focuses on the way stereotypes and prejudices are created, on their links to racism and above all on how to reduce them in order to prevent discrimination.
Concept of the enemy II – “lying press” and journalistic self-assertion
Checking How Fact-checkers Check
Lessons Learned with Social Media Monitoring
Media Manipulation and Disinformation Online
Impact of Russian TV propaganda in the EaP countries Azerbaijan Armenia Belarus Georgia Moldova Ukraine
Defamation and Insult Laws in the OSCE Region: A Comparative Study | OSCE
Fake news survey (Germany)
Isolation and Propaganda: The Roots and Instruments of Russia’s Disinformation Campaign
Confiance et liberté - Vers la création d'une instance d'autorégulation et de médiation de l'information
Crises, Rumours and Reposts: Journalists’ Social Media Content Gathering and Verification Practices in Breaking News Situations
The spread of true and false news online
Understanding the Promise and Limits of Automated Fact-Checking
Computational Propaganda Worldwide:
Data-driven Online Political Microtargeting: Hunting for Voters, Shooting Democracy?
How damaging is disinformation in a democracy? How to recognise it? What can be done to tackle it?
Youtube will show fact checking for sensitive topics like vaccination
Facebook: We stored hundreds of millions of your passwords in plain text
Facebook takes down thousands of pages, groups, and accounts in fake news war
Facebook sues Ukrainian browser extension makers for scraping user data
Facebook removes disinformation accounts from the UK and Romania
2019 European elections, because the Brussels war on fake news seems to be lost from the start
Heil: Limiting the power of digital corporations
Massive criticism of Facebook for new data breach
Online ad money pool gets shallower for those outside the duopoly
75 percent of young people in Europe do not discern fake news
Facebook vows to stem anti-vaccine conspiracy theories
Public urged to be smarter in recognising fake news
Facebook vows to prevent meddling in European elections
No right to livestream murder': Taoiseach joins world leaders in Paris for push against extremist content
Facebook reviews live stream policy after Christchurch attack
Academic at centre of Cambridge Analytica scandal sues Facebook
Facebook tightens up rules for political advertisers
Facebook charged with housing discrimination in targeted ads
Facebook charged with housing discrimination in targeted ads
Facebook stored hundreds of millions of passwords unprotected
Facebook faces fresh questions over when it knew of data harvesting
Facebook to ban anti-vaxx ads in new push against 'vaccine hoaxes'
Facebook Brexit ads secretly run by staff of Lynton Crosby firm
Instagram Is the Internet’s New Home for Hate
Facebook bans anti-vaccine adverts in new crackdown against 'medical misinformation'
Zuckerberg triggers irritation in Brussels
Once again massive data breach on Facebook
Commissioner Vera Jourová: "I deleted myself from Facebook"
Facebook stored millions of passwords unencrypted on internal servers
Facebook Announces New Ban on White Nationalist Discussion on its Platforms
Facebook restricts livestreams
Google, Facebook and Twitter launch new tools to think about the elections
Facebook tightens paid ads rules ahead of EU elections
Facebook removes exposed user records stored on Amazon's servers
Facebook rejects Australian regulator's push for scrutiny of news feeds
Facebook 'labels' posts by hand, posing privacy questions
Facebook plans more fact-checking ahead of European Parliament election
EU leaders to warn of cyber, fake news threat to May elections
Force tech giants to share data rather than break them up: academics
Instagram just took advantage of Amazon’s biggest weakness
UK watchdog to Zuckerberg: Think again about appealing privacy fine
Yellow Jackets ‘fake news’ shared millions of times on Facebook
Twitter tweaks policy to unblock French voting awareness campaign
This story was not written by a robot – but one day it could be
Why Facebook’s privacy push will weaken fight against fake news, Publication
When Ireland did Facebook’s work on e-privacy
Google pulls grant to Hungarian publisher over fake news allegations
Facebook removes hundreds of accounts in UK, Romania
UK government targets Facebook users across EU with Brexit ads
Europe’s populists are flooding social media, research shows
Facebook backtracks after removing Warren ads calling for Facebook breakup
A Way to Detect the Next Russian Misinformation Campaign
The Internet’s Endless Appetite for Death Video
“Zuckerberg’s so-called shift toward privacy”
Mariya Gabriel: We report unmistakable progress on anti-disinformation platforms, but there is still much work to do
Russians attack EP election - Hungary is no exception
Mark Zuckerberg: Facebook cannot guarantee the lack of interference in the EU elections in May
Twitter blocks government campaign in the name of the law against false news
Yellow vests: false information seen more than 100 million times on Facebook
Yellow Vests: the NGO Avaaz denounces the massive distribution of fake news on Facebook
Political parties called to order in terms of data protection.
Brussels asks social networks to clarify their control of political advertising and bots before European elections
Facebook: Hundreds of millions of passwords were visible to employees
European elections: Twitter finally authorises French Government campaign
Europe intensifies its fight against false news
A summit against manipulation, ahead of the European elections
How to Teach Students Historical Inquiry Through Media Literacy And Critical Thinking
European elections at risk of cyberattacks, NATO alerts and EU emergency response teams
Disinformation and hate speech: YouTube's problem is that it does not eliminate harmful content
MPs form data privacy taskforce to keep pressure on big tech
EU Court of Auditors warns of cyber risks before European elections
Irish public warned to exercise caution over ‘fake news’
Recognising reliable media: Fake news is a toxic threat to our world
Zuckerberg adds Irish politicians to his WhatsApp group chat
John McGee: 'It's time to redefine media literacy skills and include digital'
Facebook tackles anti-vax conspiracy theories fueling measles outbreak
Russia: The law amending the insults to the state was passed by MPs and sent to Putin for signing
Starting today, victims of cyberattacks may announce cyber security incidents to 1911 / Project value - one million
Despite criticism: Putin signs new Internet laws
Artificial intelligence: companies agree on ethical values
Internet giants should share data - but not crush it
Dealing With Disinformation: Facebook And YouTube Need To Take Down Provably False News
Facebook wants to fight false news with dpa
Facebook saved millions of passwords in plain text
Changes to EU antitrust enforcement on Big Tech urged
French ‘gilets jaunes’ protests have stoked ‘fake news’ surge, says study
Facebook aims to crack down on vaccine misinformation
UK calls on Facebook to drop appeal of data protection fine
Facebook opens 40-person EU election monitoring effort in Dublin
Facebook rules on political advertising criticised by EU parties
The European Media Literacy Week & What The EU Is Doing To Secure Fair Democratic Processes
The European Media Literacy Week & What The EU Is Doing To Secure Fair Democratic Processes
Fear of election manipulation, the EU is depicted as absurd in Russian propaganda
European election 2019: Facebook strengthens action against false news before European election
Twitter justifies blocking on the basis of false information about elections
Unprotected data from Facebook users
Yellow vests have seen 105 million times fake news
Finally, Twitter authorises a campaign by the French Government on the Europeans
PP boosts its social networking activity with "personalized" messages to reach more people
Russian Parliament approves bill banning the dissemination of false news and insulting the state
Brussels calls on platforms to act against false accounts
In the fight against fake news, YouTube tends to "keep content up to date"
Facebook says political ads fix brings ‘unprecedented levels of accountability’
Facebook hit by landmark censorship lawsuit in Poland
Commission urges platforms to take action on fake accounts before EU elections
‘Regulation will not solve Facebook’s problems,’ Commission says
Apple backs news literacy programs in US and Italy
US Advertisers Still Eager to Target at Scale with Duopoly
Google, Facebook and Twitter launch new tools thinking about elections
Artificial Intelligence, Extreme Speech, and the Challenges of Online Content Moderation
Migration Policy Practice’, the bimonthly journal published jointly by IOM and Eurasylum
Covid-19 and misinformation in the field of migration
Facebook admits to storing unencrypted user passwords on internal servers
Facebook boss Mark Zuckerberg meets Macron on Friday at the Elysée
Facebook cracks down on anti-vaxxers: Firm says pages spreading misinformation about vaccines will no longer show up in recommendations (but it WON'T remove them entirely)
Social media bosses including Mark Zuckerberg could be personally hit with huge fines for harmful content hosted on their sites, leaked UK legal plans reveal
Facebook will work with governments to bring in new policies to regulate social media, Mark Zuckerberg tells Irish ministers during visit to his European HQ in the country
Semantic Visions wins 'The Tech Challenge' award
Former Facebook exec: ‘Zuckerberg is sitting on more data about what people want to do online than anyone else in the world’
Today’s technology lets terrorists ‘become their own mass media,’ analyst says
Facebook removes fake accounts that tried to stir hate and political division in the UK and Romania
A proposed law could require you to provide your identity in order to register online
Facebook promises AI to detect terrorist videos
How to check if a Website is Safe and Legitimate - The Ultimate Guide
YouTube Executives Ignored Warnings, Letting Toxic Videos Run Rampant
Google AI Ethics Council Is Falling Apart After a Week
Facebook Says Users' Passwords Were Visible to Employees
EU Renews Calls to Facebook, Twitter to Fight Fake News
Facebook challenges Belgian tracking ban
Tim Berners-Lee: 'Stop web's downward plunge to dysfunctional future', Publication
UK to Zuckerberg: Show us you're sincere about regulation
Facebook begins new EU political ads rules
EU declares "war" on disinformation for upcoming elections
Students and false news
Mariya Gabriel launches a media literacy conference tomorrow in Brussels
Russia, China, Iran and North Korea are the main sources of false news arriving in Europe
Tim Berners Lee: 30 years on, what’s next #ForTheWeb?
EU elections. Between social networks and Russian threats, Europe is preparing for the battle against fake news
How The Kremlin Silences Critics: The Swedish Case
German minister on Facebook password glitch: Didn't expect such frightening unprofessionalism
Facebook takes down UK fake accounts
Facebook plans more fact-checking ahead of European Parliament election
Tech giants will have to be regulated in future - EU's Timmermans
Social media as battleground
Luxembourg's media literacy initiative
4 ways social media platforms can stop hateful content after terror attacks
Top EU official: Breaking up tech firms should be 'last resort'
YouTube tightens restrictions on channel of UK far right activist
Harvard-MIT initiative grants $750K to projects looking to keep tech accountable
How does Russia fight fake news? European Audiovisual Observatory publishes new legal analysis of Russian media law
The cyberthreat has become a part of everyday life
Regulating speech in the new public square
News literacy initiatives promote critical thinking and understanding
University of Oxford, launched ‘The ComProp Navigator’, a new online resource guide which aims to help civil society groups better understand and respond to the problem of disinformation
Cyber Warfare: Competing National Perspectives
WhatsApp continues fight against fake news with new ‘search image’ feature
France among the countries where most cyberattacks originate
European elections: Facebook wants to fight fake news with a crisis cell
Does the “backfire effect” exist—and does it matter for factcheckers?
The law guaranteeing the digital communication of citizens with the state has the support of the Government
75 percent of young people cannot discern fake news
Defence considers "foreign power" attacked its computer network
Spain launches unit to fight disinformation ahead of elections
The internet is radicalizing white men. Big tech could be doing more
A lesson in Russian disinformation from the pages of a 1982 TV Guide
Facebook to target vaccine misinformation with focus on pages, groups, ads
The Parliament discusses the limit between freedom of expression and misinformation
EU top: Cut Facebook "an alternative"
Analysis Disinformation and other tools of antidemocratic influence: an Armenian outlook in the EU and Eastern Partnership context
Facebook acknowledges concerns over Cambridge Analytica emerged earlier than reported
Revealed: Facebook’s global lobbying against data privacy laws
How Twitter's algorithm is amplifying extreme political rhetoric
Truth and authentication
The European Union takes measures to counteract foreign propaganda
European Parliament elections under Russia's sign and disinformation
Canadian report details extent of Russian disinformation
Another data leak on Facebook: Companies store data and passwords freely accessible
Russians fear tightened censorship
WhatsApp fact-checking, deepfake detection, and five other AI/news projects get funding
Fake news law: Twitter blocks government campaign
Yellow vests: fake news massively shared on Facebook
Facebook Decides Anti-Vax Conspiracies Aren't Part of the Business Model Anymore
Youtube Now Includes a Fact Checking Tool In Its Search Results
A debate with young Bulgarians on the future development of Europe took place in Sofia
Mariya Gabriel: Media literacy needs to be taught in schools
EU prepares itself to fight back against hostile propaganda
Yes by the Russian Parliament to fines for fake news and publications offensive to the state
Europeans: EU stripes social media 'do more against fake news'
“A deadly cocktail against democracy” – fighting election fake news
Media literacy classes at school are offered by Mariya Gabriel
Portuguese with increasingly advanced use of the Internet
Code of practice against disinformation: Commission takes note of the progress made by online platforms and urges them to step up their efforts
Frans Timmermans: Tech giants will have to be regulated in the future